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Risk Factors for Sleep Apnea

There are many other health conditions that can increase the risk of sleep apnea or exaggerate the effects of sleep apnea. These include: Risk Factors High blood pressure (hypertension) Heart disease (coronary heart disease, heart failure, heart arrhythmias such as atrial fibrillation) Stroke Overweight and obesity Large neck size (>17 inches for men, >16 inches for women) Diabetes Family history of sleep apnea Low physical activity Keep reading

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By MyApnea on September 11, 2015 Sep 11, 2015 in Education

New Frontiers in Treatment: Unilateral Hypoglossal Nerve Stimulation

Unilateral stimulation of the hypoglossal nerve (the nerve that controls the movement of the tongue) is a new treatment for people with moderate to severe OSA who are unable to use continuous positive prtessure therapy (CPAP). CPAP, oral appliances, and some surgeries work “from the outside in” to prevent the tissues from relaxing and blocking the upper airway (nasal and oral passages).1 This nerve stimulation therapy works “from the inside out” to move the muscles and keep the airway open. Keep reading

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By KingmanStrohl on September 10, 2015 Sep 10, 2015 in Research

Symptoms of Sleep Apnea

The symptoms of sleep apnea are fairly common for both obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea. Most people have some of these symptoms. It is not well understood who gets which symptoms. Keep reading

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By MyApnea on September 4, 2015 Sep 4, 2015 in Education

Causes of Sleep Apnea

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Large tonsils/adenoids Large neck size (17 inches in men, 16 inches in women) Large tongue Obesity - especially an “apple” body shape Small or narrow airway A short lower jaw (compared to the upper jaw) Other structural abnormalities in the airway Central Sleep Apnea Heart failure Certain medicines, such as narcotic painkillers Stroke Brain infection Brainstem disorders Congenital disorders Keep reading

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By MyApnea on August 28, 2015 Aug 28, 2015 in Education

Central Sleep Apnea

Central sleep apnea (CSA) is related to abnormalities in how the brain senses and responds to changes in oxygen and carbon dioxide while breathing. In CSA, the muscles that control breathing do not receive normal signals from the brain that tell them when to function. Central sleep apnea can be due to problems with the brainstem, which is responsible for our basic operations such as breathing, and may be seen in children or other individuals with certain congenital problems. Keep reading

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By MyApnea on August 21, 2015 Aug 21, 2015 in Education

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common type of sleep apnea. It is estimated that nearly one in 12 adults has OSA. OSA is especially common in people who are overweight, older, have diabetes, and have high blood pressure. However, anyone can have sleep apnea and as many as 20% of people with sleep apnea are not overweight. Once thought as mostly a men’s disorder, sleep apnea is now recognized to be common in women. The prevalence of sleep apnea increases in women after menopause. Keep reading

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By MyApnea on August 14, 2015 Aug 14, 2015 in Education

What is Sleep Apnea?

The word “apnea” derives from a Greek word meaning “no breathing.” Sleep apnea refers to a common and serious medical disorder where breathing during sleep stops for periods of 10 seconds or more repetitively over the night. In the mildest form, breathing interruptions are partial — these events are called “hypopneas”. Keep reading

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By MyApnea on August 7, 2015 Aug 7, 2015 in Education

Didgeridoos: A New Intervention for Sleep Apnea?

"Didgeridoo" by "Bernard Spragg. NZ " is licensed under CC BY 2.0. In 2005, the British Medical Journal published a research study that made the American Thoracic Society International Conference “Top 5 Articles of the Year”, and since has remained a frequently talked about study that has also seemingly gained a cult following. In a randomized controlled research study, Dr. Keep reading

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By DennisHwang on June 29, 2015 Jun 29, 2015 in Research

Diabetes and Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Type 2 diabetes and sleep apnea tend to go hand-in-hand Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are both very common, each affecting around 10% of adults in the United States. Unfortunately, T2DM and OSA often go hand-in-hand. It has been known for some time that there are a large number of people who have both conditions, although there is evidence that OSA is often undiagnosed. Keep reading

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By jessiebakker on June 1, 2015 Jun 1, 2015 in Research

Sleep, Memory, and Brain Plasticity

Key Stages in Memory Before addressing the role of sleep in memory, let’s review what goes into making memories and how the underlying brain activities that form memory can change over time. Problems in memory can mainly happen at three different stages: encoding, consolidation, and retrieval. Each stage has its own function and occurs within specific brain regions. Encoding refers to the first process when new information is received and stored. Keep reading

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By InaDjonlagic on May 29, 2015 May 29, 2015 in Research